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Monday, September 28, 2020

GI 19c opatchauto out-of-place patching failed with file permission issues

Environment,

   Grid Infrastructure Home version : 19.7.0.0.200414
   OPatch version: 12.2.0.1.21
   Patch version: P31305339 - GI Release Update 19.8.0.0.200714

On fist node of the cluster, when runng opatchauto with option -outofplace or -prepare-clone, got errors
[root@rac01]# /u01/app/19.7.0/grid _1/OPatch/opatchauto apply -phBaseDir /u01/stage/grid -outofplace -logLevel FINEST
     ... ...
Creating clone for oracle home /u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1.
Failed to perform clone operation for oracle home /u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1. 

Execution of [CloneOracleHomeAction] patch action failed, check log for more details. Failures:
Patch Target : rac01->/u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1 Type[crs]
Details: [
---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------
Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1, host: rac01.
Command failed:  /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/perl/bin/perl /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/clone/bin/clone.pl ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1 INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory -defaultHomeName 'CLUSTER_NODES={rac01,rac02}' "LOCAL_NODE=rac01" CRS=false SHOW_ROOTSH_CONFIRMATION=false oracle.install.skipRootPre=true -silent
Command failure output: 
[INFO] [INS-32183] Use of clone.pl is deprecated in this release. Clone operation is equivalent to performing a Software Only installation from the image. 
You must use /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/gridSetup.sh script available to perform the Software Only install. For more details on image based installation, refer to help documentation.

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

[FATAL] [INS-32012] Unable to create directory: /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1, on this server.
   CAUSE: Either proper permissions were not granted to create the directory or there was no space left in the volume.
   ACTION: Check your permission on the selected directory or choose another directory.
[WARNING] [INS-32029] The Installer has detected that the Oracle Base location is not empty.
   ACTION: Oracle recommends that the Oracle Base location is empty. 

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

The process failed with error "Unable to create directory: /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1", the directory is cloned (new) home and the process is trying to apply RU 19.8.0.0.200714 onto the home.

Check the directory permission
[root@rac01]# ls -ld /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1       
drwxr-xr-x   94 root     oinstall       4096 Sep 20 18:27 /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1

Chang the directory owner from root to Grid Home owner grid
[root@rac01]$ chown grid /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1       

Resume the patch process
[root@rac01]# /u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1/OPatch/opatchauto resume

Different errors occur
Patch Target : rac01->/u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1 Type[crs]
Details: [
---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------
Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/19.7.0/grid_1, host: rac01.
Command failed:  /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/perl/bin/perl /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/clone/bin/clone.pl ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1 INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory -defaultHomeName 'CLUSTER_NODES={rac01,rac02}' "LOCAL_NODE=rac01" CRS=false SHOW_ROOTSH_CONFIRMATION=false oracle.install.skipRootPre=true -silent
Command failure output: 
[INFO] [INS-32183] Use of clone.pl is deprecated in this release. Clone operation is equivalent to performing a Software Only installation from the image. 
You must use /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/gridSetup.sh script available to perform the Software Only install. For more details on image based installation, refer to help documentation.

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

[WARNING] [INS-32029] The Installer has detected that the Oracle Base location is not empty.
   ACTION: Oracle recommends that the Oracle Base location is empty.
You can find the log of this install session at:
 /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/cloneActions2020-09-20_06-38-13PM.log
..................................................   5% Done.
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..........[FATAL] Failed to restore the saved templates to the Oracle home being cloned. Aborting the clone operation

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

The root cause is that the opatchauto did not successfully unlock the new cloned home before applying patches on it. Lots of files/directories under new home are still owned by root
[root@rac01]# find /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1 -user root
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/acfs
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/acfs/tunables
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/auth
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/auth/crs
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/auth/crs/r10-sohei
   ... ...
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/bin/cloudcli
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/bin/clscfg
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/bin/clscfg.bin
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/bin/clsdiaglsnr
   ... ...
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/suptools/tfa/release/tfa_home/tfa.jks
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/suptools/tfa/release/tfa_home/tfa_directories.txt
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/suptools/tfa/release/tfa_home/tfa_setup.txt
/u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1/xag/mesg/xagus.le

Change the owner of these file/directories to grid
[root@rac01]# find /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1 -user root -exec chown grid {} \;

Continue opatchauto with resume option,
[root@rac01]# /u01/app/19.7.0/grid _1/OPatch/opatchauto resume

The home will be out-of-place patched, and new home is /u01/app/19.8.0/grid_1.

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